Advances in thermodynamics of the van der Waals fluid

Başlık

:
Advances in thermodynamics of the van der Waals fluid

ISBNp

:
9781627055321

Dil

:
English

Yazar

:
Johnston, David C., author.

Standart Tanımlama

:
10.1088/978-1-627-05532-1

Yayın Bilgileri

:
San Rafael [California] (40 Oak Drive, San Rafael, CA, 94903, USA) : Morgan & Claypool Publishers, [2014]

Bristol [England] (Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol BS1 6HG, UK) : IOP Publishing, [2014]

Fiziksel Tanımlama

:
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color).

Seri

:
IOP concise physics.

Genel Not

:
"Version: 20140901"--Title page verso.

İçerik

:
Preface -- Author biography -- Introduction --

Background and nomenclature : the ideal gas --

van der Waals intermolecular interaction parameters

Thermodynamic variables and properties in terms of the van der Waals interaction parameters -- Helmholtz free energy -- Critical pressure, temperature and volume -- Entropy, internal energy and heat capacity at constant volume -- Pressure and enthalpy -- Chemical potential

van der Waals equation of state, reduced variables and laws of corresponding states -- van der Waals equation of state and reduced variables -- Laws of corresponding states -- Pressure versus volume and versus density isotherms -- Influence of the van der Waals interactions on the pressure of the gas phase -- Boyle temperature -- Thermodynamic properties expressed in reduced variables

Equilibrium pressure-volume, temperature-volume and pressure-temperature phase diagrams -- Pressure-volume phase diagram and Maxwell construction -- Volume-temperature phase diagram -- Lever rule -- Pressure-temperature phase diagram

Lekner's parametric solution of the coexistence curve and associated properties -- Thermodynamic behaviors on approaching the critical temperature from below -- Thermodynamic behaviors for temperatures approaching zero -- Coexisting liquid and gas densities, transition order parameter and temperature-density phase diagram -- Latent heat and entropy of vaporization -- Heat capacity at constant volume versus temperature within the liquid-gas coexistence region along an isochoric path

Static critical exponents -- Heat capacity at constant volume -- Pressure versus volume isotherm at the critical temperature -- Critical chemical potential isotherm versus number density -- Liquid-gas transition order parameter -- Isothermal compressibility -- Approach to the critical point along the critical isobar

Superheating and supercooling --

Additional numerical calculations of thermodynamic properties -- Isotherms versus density in the supercritical temperature region -- Isobars versus temperature

Adiabatic free expansion and Joule-Thomson expansion -- Adiabatic free expansion -- Joule-Thomson expansion

Appendices -- A. Tables of values -- B. Formulas for the discontinuities in isothermal compressibility, thermal expansion and heat capacity versus temperature at constant pressure on crossing the liquid-gas coexistence curve -- C. Formula for the heat capacity at constant volume in the coexistence region along the critical isochore.

Özet

:
The van der Waals mean-field theory of fluids was formulated by van der Waals in 1873 and augmented by Maxwell in 1875. It is the first theory that predicts a phase transition from interactions between particles. However, the thermodynamic properties of fluids (gases or liquids) derived from the van der Waals equation of state and free energy have not been thoroughly studied previously. This book is a comprehensive exposition of the thermodynamic properties of the van der Waals fluid, which includes a review of past work together with presentation the author's recent extensive studies. The main goal of the book is to provide a graphical overview of the many interesting and diverse thermodynamic properties of the van der Waals fluid through plots of these properties versus various independent parameters. The data for these plots are obtained from formulas derived herein, some of which have previously appeared in the literature. Many results not amenable to graphical illustration are also included.

Konu Başlığı

:
Van der Waals forces.

Fluid dynamics.

Statistical mechanics.

Chemical Physics.

SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical.

Ek Kurum Yazarı

:
Institute of Physics (Great Britain),

Elektronik Erişim

:
Materyal Türü | Demirbaş Numarası | Yer Numarası | Raf Konumu | Mevcut Konumu |
---|---|---|---|---|

E-Kitap | 1830371-1001 | TA357 .J64 2014 eb | IOP E-Kitap Lokasyonu | IOP E-Kitap Koleksiyonu |