Principles of biomedical ethics için kapak resmi
Başlık:
Principles of biomedical ethics
Dil:
English
Dil Kodu:
eng
ISBN:
9780199924585
Edisyon:
7. bs.
Yayın Bilgileri:
New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2013.
Fiziksel Tanımlama:
xvi, 459 s. ; 24 cm.
Son Zamanlarda Geldi:
ITFK9788B (2. kopya)

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Özet

Özet

Building on the best-selling tradition of previous editions, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Seventh Edition, provides a highly original, practical, and insightful guide to morality in the health professions. Acclaimed authors Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress thoroughly develop and advocate for four principles that lie at the core of moral reasoning in health care: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. Drawing from contemporary research--and integrating detailed case studies and vivid real-life examples and scenarios--they demonstrate how these prima facie principles can be expanded to apply to various conflicts and dilemmas, from how to deliver bad news to whether or not to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatments.

Illuminating both theory and method throughout, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Seventh Edition, considers what constitutes moral character and addresses the problem of moral status: what rights are due to people and animals, and when. It also examines the professional-patient relationship, surveys major philosophical theories--including utilitarianism, Kantianism, rights theory, and virtue theory--and describes methods of moral justification in bioethics. Ideal for courses in biomedical ethics, bioethics, and health care ethics, the text is enhanced by hundreds of annotated citations and a substantial introduction that clarifies key terms and concepts.

NEW TO THE SEVENTH EDITION

Ch. 1: A clarified and more concise treatment of the common morality and its distinction from both particular moralities and the broad descriptive use of the term "morality"

Ch. 3: New sections on degrees of moral status and the moral significance of moral status

Ch. 4: A revised section on the therapeutic use of placebos and expanded coverage of theories of autonomy and information-processing issues

Ch. 5: New material on historical problems of underprotection and recent problems of overprotection in human subjects research

Ch. 6: A new section on expanded access and continued access in research and a relocated and integrated discussion of surrogate decision making for incompetent patients

Ch. 7: A distinction between traditional theories of justice and more recent theories like capabilities and well-being

Ch. 8: A new section on clinical ethics and research ethics

Ch. 9: A whole new section on virtue theory, which expands the account from Ch. 2 of the previous edition, and on rights theory

Ch. 10: An extended and more in-depth discussion of the authors' theory of method and justification in bioethics

A new Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/beauchamp featuring suggestions for effectively using the book in the classroom, possible syllabi and examination questions, additional readings, useful exercises, and cases for discussion


Yazar Notları


Tom L. Beauchamp is Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University.

James F. Childress is University Professor and John Allen Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics at the University of Virginia.


İçindekiler

Part I Moral Foundations
1 Moral Normsp. 1
Normative and Nonnormative Ethicsp. 1
The Common Morality as Universal Moralityp. 2
Particular Moralities as Nonuniversalp. 5
Moral Dilemmasp. 10
A Framework of Moral Normsp. 13
Conflicting Moral Normsp. 15
Conclusionp. 25
2 Moral Characterp. 30
The Concept of Moral Virtuep. 31
Virtues in Professional Rolesp. 32
The Virtue of Caringp. 34
Five Focal Virtuesp. 37
Moral Idealsp. 44
Moral Excellencep. 48
Conclusionp. 55
3 Moral Statusp. 62
The Problem of Moral Statusp. 62
Theories of Moral Statusp. 64
From Theories to Practical Guidelinesp. 79
The Moral Significance of Moral Statusp. 89
Vulnerable Populations and Vulnerable Individualsp. 90
Conclusionp. 94
Part II Moral Principles
4 Respect for Autonomyp. 101
The Concept of Autonomy and the Principle of Respect for Autonomyp. 101
The Capacity for Autonomous Choicep. 114
The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consentp. 120
Disclosurep. 125
Understandingp. 131
Voluntarinessp. 137
Conclusionp. 140
5 Nonmaleficencep. 150
The Concept of Nonmaleficence and the Principle of Nonmaleficencep. 151
Distinctions and Rules Governing Nontreatmentp. 158
Optional Treatments and Obligatory Treatmentsp. 168
Killing and Letting Diep. 174
The Justification of Intentionally Arranged Deathsp. 178
Problems of Group Harmp. 186
Protecting Incompetent Patientsp. 188
Conclusionp. 192
6 Beneficencep. 202
The Concept of Beneficence and Principles of Beneficencep. 202
Obligatory Beneficence and Ideal Beneficencep. 203
Paternalism: Conflicts between Beneficence and Respect for Autonomyp. 214
Surrogate Decision Making for Incompetent Patientsp. 226
Balancing Benefits, Costs, and Risksp. 229
The Value and Quality of Lifep. 237
Conclusionp. 241
7 Justicep. 249
The Concept of Justice and Principles of Justicep. 250
Traditional Theories of Justicep. 253
Recent Theories of Justicep. 258
Fair Opportunity and Unfair Discriminationp. 262
Vulnerability, Exploitation, and Discrimination in Researchp. 267
National Health Policy and the Right to Health Carep. 270
Global Health Policy and the Right to Healthp. 276
Allocating, Setting Priorities, and Rationingp. 279
Conclusionp. 292
8 Professional - Patient Relationshipsp. 302
Veracityp. 302
Privacyp. 311
Confidentialityp. 316
Fidelityp. 324
Clinical Ethics and Research Ethicsp. 331
The Dual Roles of Clinician and Investigatorp. 333
Conclusionp. 340
Part III Theory and Methodp. 351
9 Moral Theoriesp. 351
Criteria for Assessing Moral Theoriesp. 352
Utilitarian Theoryp. 354
Kantian Theoryp. 361
Rights Theoryp. 367
Virtue Theoryp. 375
Convergence of Theoriesp. 383
Conclusionp. 384
10 Method and Moral Justificationp. 390
Justification in Ethicsp. 390
Top-Down Models: Theory and Applicationp. 391
Bottom-Up Models: Cases and Analogical Reasoningp. 397
Reflective Equilibrium as an Integrated Modelp. 404
Common-Morality Theoryp. 410
Conclusionp. 423
Indexp. 431