Life in Extreme Environments için kapak resmi
Life in Extreme Environments
Yayın Bilgileri:
Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2007.
Fiziksel Tanımlama:
VIII, 450 p. online resource.
Access to glacial and subglacial environments in the Solar System by melting probe technology -- Exploration of Ellsworth Subglacial Lake: a concept paper on the development, organisation and execution of an experiment to explore, measure and sample the environment of a West Antarctic subglacial lake -- Thermostable proteins as probe for the design of advanced fluorescence biosensors -- Astrobiological significance of minerals on Mars surface environment -- Industrial barrens: extreme habitats created by non-ferrous metallurgy -- Viruses in extreme environments -- Microbial ecology of submerged marine caves and holes characterized by high levels of hydrogen sulphide -- Extremely halophilic archaea and the issue of long-term microbial survival -- Planktonic microbial assemblages and the potential effects of metazooplankton predation on the food web of lakes from the maritime Antarctica and sub-Antarctic islands -- Fungi in Antarctica -- Ecology and molecular adaptations of the halophilic black yeast Hortaea werneckii -- Ultraviolet radiation shapes seaweed communities -- Life strategy, ecophysiology and ecology of seaweeds in polar waters -- Life expansion in Sørkapp Land, Spitsbergen, under the current climate warming -- Some views on plants in polar and alpine regions -- Desiccation-tolerant plants in dry environments -- Energy dependant plant stress acclimation -- Post-capture investigations of hydrothermal vent macro-invertebrates to study adaptations to extreme environments -- Adaptations to hypoxia in hydrothermal-vent and cold-seep invertebrates -- How does the annelid Alvinella pompejana deal with an extreme hydrothermal environment? -- Pressure and life: some biological strategies -- Molecular evolution of haemoglobins of polar fishes -- Metal detoxification and homeostasis in Antarctic Notothenioids. A comparative survey on evolution, expression and functional properties of fish and mammal metallothioneins -- Predicting the impacts of climate change on the evolutionary adaptations of polar fish -- Human challenges in polar and space environments -- Hypometabolic induced state: a potential tool in biomedicine and space exploration -- A proposed classification of environmental adaptation: the example of high altitude -- The challenge of the food sufficiency through salt tolerant crops.
From the deepest seafloor to the highest mountain, from the hottest region to the cold Antarctic plateau, environments labeled as extreme are numerous on Earth and they present a wide variety of features and characteristics. The life processes occurring within these environments are equally diverse, not only depending on stress factors (e.g. temperature, pressure, pH and chemicals) but also on the type of life forms, ranging from microbes to higher species. How is life limited by and adapted to extreme external biotic and abiotic factors? This key question summarises the deliberations raised by this exciting and fascinating research area. Addressing the challenge of answering this question would help to reveal new insights and refine theories concerning the origin and evolution of life on our planet, as well as life beyond Earth. Investigating life processes under extreme conditions can also bring clues for understanding and predicting ecosystems' responses to global changes. Furthermore, this area of research has a wide application potential in the fields of (bio)technoloty, chemical industry, pharmaceutics, biomedicine or cosmetics. (Investigating Life in Extreme Environments - A European perspective, European Science Foundation, May 2007).


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This book provides an intriguing look at how life can adapt to many different extreme environments. It addresses the limits for life development and examines different strategies used by organisms to adapt to different extreme environments.