Wood and Tree Fungi Biology, Damage, Protection, and Use için kapak resmi
Başlık:
Wood and Tree Fungi Biology, Damage, Protection, and Use
Dil:
English
ISBN:
9783540321392
Yayın Bilgileri:
Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006.
Fiziksel Tanımlama:
XII, 334 p. 74 illus., 12 illus. in color. online resource.
İçerik:
Introduction -- Biology. Cytology and Morphology. Growth and Spreading. Sexuality Identification. Classification -- Physiology. Nutrients. Air. Wood Moisture. Temperature. pH Value and Acid Production. Light and Force of Gravity. Restrictions of Physiological Data. Competition and Interactions Between Organisms -- Wood Degradation. Enzymes and Low Molecular Agents. Pectin Degradation. Degradation of Hemicelluloses. Cellulose Degradation. Lignin Degradation -- Damage by Viruses and Bacteria. Viruses. Bacteria -- Wood Discoloration. Molding. Blue Stain. Red Streaking. Protection -- Wood Rot. Brown Rot. White Rot. Soft Rot. Protection -- Habitat of Wood Fungi. Fungal Damage to Living Trees. Tree Wounds and Tree Care. Tree Rots by Macrofungi. Damage to Stored Wood and Structural Timber Outdoors. Damage to Structural Timber Indoors -- Positive Effects of Wood-inhabiting Microorganisms. 'Myco-Wood'. Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms. Biological Pulping. 'Palo Podrido' and 'Myco-Fodder'. Wood Saccharification and Sulphite Pulping. Grinding and Steam Explosion. Recent Biotechnological Processes with Lignocelluloses and Outlook -- Appendix. Key for Strand-Forming House-Rot Fungi. Fungi Mentioned in this Book.
Özet:
"Wood and Tree Fungi" provides an up-to-date overview of the various wood and tree fungi that damage trees, lumber, and timber, with special focus given to identification, prevention, and remediation techniques. First, the fundamentals of cytology and morphology, growth and reproduction, formal genetics, and enzymatic wood decay are addressed. Causative factors are then analyzed, followed by descriptions of interactions like antagonism, succession, and mycorrhiza. The more practical section describes damages by viruses on trees and by bacteria on the xylem of trees and on structural timber, wood discoloration caused by molds and stain fungi, wood decays by rot fungi, and preservation methods. The habitats of wood fungi are described as well as tree care. Important tree pathogens and wood decay fungi are characterized for prevention and identification. The final section focuses on the positive effects of wood-inhabiting microorganisms, covering past and classical methods like myco-wood, mushroom cultivation, biological pulping, and "palo podrido", as well as recent biotechnological processes.

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Özet

Özet

This book provides an up-to-date overview of the various wood and tree fungi that damage trees, lumber, and timber. Special focus is given to identification, prevention, and remediation techniques, and the book bridges the gap between research and application. It covers the fundamentals of cytology and morphology.

There is a more practical section describing damage by viruses and bacteria on trees. The habitats of wood fungi are described as well as tree care. Important tree pathogens and wood decay fungi are characterized for prevention and identification. The final section focuses on the positive effects of wood-inhabiting microorganisms.


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Schmidt (Univ. of Hamburg) offers an excellent, extensive treatment of the interactions of fungi with wood and trees, with a valuable chapter on damage by viruses and bacteria. He thoroughly considers the biology of fungi to include morphology, cytology, and physiology, not only in relation to the deterioration of wood in use, but also for tree pathogens. Schmidt even gives some attention to mycorrhizae and lichens. His expertise is evidenced by over 50 of his own papers, cited in the list of more than 1,400 references. The book is translated from the German edition (1994), corrected, and updated with state-of-the art chemical, molecular, and genetic methods of fungus identification/wood protection; it includes many Web sources. The volume covers thoroughly both fungus classification and identification, with an excellent key to house-rot fungi as an appendix. With its distinctly European/German emphasis, it incorporates many foreign terms, which are always well explained. The translation does occasionally result in slightly peculiar wording and phrasing. This beautifully presented book contains numerous illustrations, diagrams, figures, and tables, including color plates, which aid readers' understanding. It will be very useful for scientists, teachers, and other professionals in the field of wood protection and forest pathology. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Upper-level undergraduates and above. D. L. Richter Michigan Technological University