Combating Fungal Infections Problems and Remedy için kapak resmi
Başlık:
Combating Fungal Infections Problems and Remedy
Dil:
English
ISBN:
9783642121739
Edisyon:
First.
Yayın Bilgileri:
Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg : Imprint: Springer, 2010.
Fiziksel Tanımlama:
XX, 539 p. online resource.
İçerik:
Mould Infections: A Global Threat to Immunocompromised Patients -- Virulence and Pathogenicity of Fungal Pathogens with Special Reference to Candida albicans -- Animal as Reservoir of Fungal Diseases (Zoonoses?) -- Fungi Associated with Eye Infections with Special Reference to Corneal Keratitis and Their Possible Reservoir -- Antifungal Drugs Mode of Action and Recent Development -- Antifungal-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Pediatrics: A State of the Art -- Antifungal Resistance: Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms -- Multidrug Resistance in Fungi: The Role of Pleiotropic Drug Resistance Genes -- Laboratory Diagnosis of Fungal Infections: An Overview -- Combinational Antifungal Therapy and Recent Trends in Drug Discovery -- Role of De-Escalation and Combination Therapy Strategies in the Management of Invasive Fungal Infection: A Multidisciplinary Point of View -- Challenges to the Management of Pulmonary Mycoses in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation -- Aspartic Peptidase Inhibitors as Potential Bioactive Pharmacological Compounds Against Human Fungal Pathogens -- Metabolic Pathways as Drug Targets: Targeting the Sulphur Assimilatory Pathways of Yeast and Fungi for Novel Drug Discovery -- Innate Immunity in Pathogenesis and Treatment of Dermatomycosis -- Cytokine Therapy: Possible Tools in Management of Fungal Infection -- Immunomodulators: Potential in Treatment of Systemic Fungal Infections -- Fungal Vaccines: Recent Trends -- Antifungal Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts and Phytocompounds: A Review -- Novel Drug Delivery Systems for Antifungal Compounds.
Özet:
The currently available means of combating fungal infections are still weak and clumsy. The application of fungal genomics offers an unparalleled opportunity to develop novel antifungal drugs. Interestingly, several novel antifungal drug targets have already been identified and validated. However, it is too early to expect any novel antifungal drug as drug discovery programs are still in their infancy. In addition to classical and genomic approaches to drug discovery, traditional knowledge derived from natural products and phytomedicine can provide a multitude of alternative modes of combating fungal infection. This book comprises 20 chapters on various aspects pertaining to fungal diseases in human and animals, their reservoir, fungal pathogenesis, their management and recent advances in their treatment. Issues of antifungal drug toxicity, especially nephrotoxicity, are also discussed. The development of resistance in fungal pathogens, including multidrug resistance and its mechanism, is dealt with in two chapters. Diverse diagnostic approaches to fungal infections are also reviewed. The combinational drug strategies used in combating invasive fungal infections are addressed in detail. The management of pulmonary mycoses in stem cell transplantation is also given special focus. Novel antifungal drugs (synthetic and herbal), fungal vaccines, and metabolic pathways as drug targets are discussed in detail in three different chapters. Subsequently the roles of innate immunity, cytokine therapy and immunomodulators in the treatment of fungal infections are elaborated upon. As novel drug delivery systems have a great potential for modifying the pharmacokinetics of medications, the last chapter takes this fact into consideration in its examination of state-of-the-art delivery systems in controlling fungal infections.

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Özet

Fungi are eukaryotic microorganisms that are closely related to humans at cellular level. Human fungal pathogens belong to various classes of fungi, mainly zygo- cetes, ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, and deuteromycetes. In recent years, fungal infections have dramatically increased as a result of improved diagnosis, high frequency of catheterization, instrumentation, etc. However, the main cause remains the increasing number of immunosuppressed patients, mostly because of HIV infection and indiscriminate usage of antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agents, broad-spectrum antibiotics and prosthetic devices, and grafts in clinical settings. Presently available means of combating fungal infections are still weak and clumsy compared to control of bacterial infection. The present scenario of antifungal therapy is still based on two classes of antifungal drugs (polyenes and azoles). These drugs are effective in many cases, but display toxicity and limited spectrum of ef?cacy. The recent trend towards emergence of drug-resistant isolates in the clinic is an additional problem. In recent years, a few new antifungal drugs have entered the clinics, but they are expected to undergo same fate as the older antifungal drugs. The application of fungal genomics offers an unparalleled opportunity to develop novel antifungal drugs. However, it is too early to expect any novel drugs, as the antifungal drug discovery program is in the stage of infancy. Interestingly, several novel antifungal drug targets have been identi?ed and validated.