Iraq and the Persian Gulf. için kapak resmi
Başlık:
Iraq and the Persian Gulf.
ISBNp:
9781136892660
Dil:
English
Edisyon:
1st ed.
Yayın Bilgileri:
Florence :

Routledge,

2005.

©2005.
Fiziksel Tanımlama:
1 online resource (848 pages)
İçerik:
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Preface -- Table of Contents -- List of Illustrations -- I. Introduction -- Boundaries, Position, and Extent -- Geographical Divisions and Regional Terms -- The Persian Gulf -- History -- People -- Administrative Divisions -- Irrigation and Agriculture -- Communications -- Oil -- Spelling of Names -- Sources of Information -- II. Geology and Description of the Land -- Geology -- Western Desert Plains -- Mountain Region of the North and East -- The Silt-filled Depression of Mesopotamia -- Description of the Land -- Mesopotamian Plain -- Regimes of the Euphrates and Tigris -- Euphrates in Iraq -- Tigris in Iraq -- Shatt al Arab -- Recession of the Persian Gulf -- Pattern of the Mountains -- Pattern of the Mountain Rivers -- Regional Description -- Lower Delta Lands -- Upper Delta Lands -- Jazira of Iraq -- Assyrian Plains and Foothills -- Mountain Basins of Diyala and Adhaim -- Mountain Basins of Little Zab -- Mountain Basins of Great Zab -- Mountain Basins of Khabur -- Sand-deserts of Northern Arabia -- Wadi Batin -- Southern Deserts -- Western Desert of Wadiyan -- Settlements and Oases -- III. Coasts of the Persian Gulf -- Introduction -- Musandam Peninsula and Ruus al Jibal Promontory -- Arabian Coast -- Pirate Coast -- Trucial Coast -- Qatar Peninsula -- Salwa to Qatif -- Bahrein Islands -- Qatif to Ras al Ardh -- Head of the Gulf -- Coast of Kuwait -- Coast of Iraq -- Shatt al Arab to Ras al Bahrgan -- Persian Coast -- Ras al Bahrgan to Bushire -- Tangistan Coast -- Shibkuh Coast -- Lingeh to Minab -- IV. Climate, Vegetation, and Fauna -- Climate -- Summary -- Pressure and Winds -- Temperature -- Humidity -- Precipitation -- Dust-storms -- Visibility -- Sunshine and Cloud -- Vegetation -- Soils -- Types of Vegetation -- Biological Types -- Syrian Desert -- River-banks, Marshes, and Canals.

Mesopotamian Plains -- Assyrian Plains and Kurdish Foothills -- Kurdish Mountains -- Fauna -- Mammals -- Birds -- Snakes, Lizards, & -- c. -- Fishes -- V. History -- Sumerian and Babylonian Period -- Sumer and Akkad -- Supremacy of Babylon -- Egyptians and Hittites -- Rise of Assyria -- Assyrian Empire -- Fall of Assyria -- Babylonian Way of Life -- Persian Achaemenid Empire -- Classical Period -- Alexander and Seleucid Empire -- Parthian Empire -- Parthian Mesopotamia -- Commerce and Trade Routes -- Sassanid Empire -- Wars -- Religion -- Arab Caliphates -- Moslem Conquest -- Omayyad Caliphate -- Abbasid Caliphate -- Seljuks and Turks -- Non-Moslems -- Civilization -- Ottoman Empire -- Mongols and Turkomans -- Turko-Persian Conflicts -- Internal Affairs -- Mamluk Pashas -- Arab Tribes -- Wahhabis of Nejd -- Dynasties of Kurdistan -- European Trade -- Reformed Administration -- Tribal Policy -- Foreign Relations and the Persian Gulf -- The War of 1914-18 -- Modern Iraq -- From Mandate to Independence -- Iraqi Nationalism -- Origins of the Mandate -- Arab Revolt -- New Constitution -- Anglo-Iraqi Treaty -- Working of the Mandate -- Independent Iraq -- Political Methods and Crises -- Army in Politics -- Anti-Zionism -- Anglo-Iraqi War of 1941 -- Minority Problems -- Kurdistan and Mosul -- Assyrians -- Other Minorities -- Foreign Relations -- Persia -- Saudi Arabia -- Syria and Palestine -- VI. People -- Physical Characteristics -- Religion -- Islam -- Yezidis -- Sabians -- Jews -- Christians -- Way of Life -- Arabs -- Economic Organization -- Arab Tribal System -- Kurds -- Social Organization -- Kurdish Tribes and Titles -- Daily Life -- Food and Fuel -- Clothing -- Houses and Villages -- Life in the Towns -- VII. Distribution of the People -- General Distribution -- Density -- Urban and Rural Population -- Increase of Population.

Distribution by Tribe and Race -- Arabs -- Beduin -- Upper Euphrates Tribes -- Middle and Lower Euphrates Tribes -- Baghdad-Diyala Arabs -- Tigris Tribes -- Kurds -- Kurds of the Diyala Basin -- Kurds of the Assyrian Plains and Foothills -- Kurds of the Mountain Basins -- Turkomans, Persians, Indians, and Europeans -- Distribution by Religion -- Moslems -- Shebeks, Sarlis, Kakais, Yezidis, Sabians -- Jews, Christians -- VIII. Administration and Public Life -- Historical Origins -- Military Administration -- Reform of Legal Administration -- Public Security -- Civil Administration -- The Constitution -- The Crown -- Parliament and Cabinet -- Central and Local Government -- Provincial Areas -- Municipalities -- Minority Communities -- Desert Administration -- Police and Prisons -- Army and Air Forces -- Justice -- Law and Lawyers -- Waqf -- Education -- Agriculture and Land -- IX. Public Health and Disease -- Public Health -- Administration -- Hospitals -- Vital Statistics -- Diseases -- Malaria -- Eye Diseases -- Schistosomiasis -- Cholera -- Plague -- Small-pox, Typhus Fever -- Intestinal Infections, Dysentery -- Typhoid and Paratyphoid -- Intestinal Parasitic Worms -- Hydatid Disease, Undulant Fever -- Leishmaniasis -- Sandfly fever, Syphilis -- Gonorrhoea,Tuberculosis -- Leprosy, Heat-stroke -- X. Irrigation, Agriculture, and Minor Industry -- Irrigation -- Origins -- Modern Irrigation -- Controlled Canal Zones of Southern Iraq -- Barrages and Weirs -- Uncontrolled Canal Irrigation and Inundation -- Irrigation by Lift -- Northern Iraq -- Land Tenure -- Ownership -- Farmers and Tenants -- Agriculture -- General Conditions -- Soils -- Tools and Methods -- Land Settlement and size of Holdings, Research, Education -- Crops -- Barley -- Wheat -- Rice -- Dates -- Cotton -- Tobacco -- Minor Crops -- Fruit, Vegetables -- Wild Plants -- Pests and Disease.

Stock-Breeding -- Sheep -- Goats, Cattle -- Donkeys, Horses, Mules -- Diseases and Veterinary Department -- Minor Industries -- Miscellaneous Domestic Needs -- Minerals, Engineering, Labour -- Statistics -- XI. Currency, Finance, Commerce, and Oil -- Currency -- Finance -- The Budget -- Revenue -- Expenditure -- The Ottoman Debt -- Banking -- Commerce -- Invisible Exports -- Transit Trade -- Principal Exports and Imports -- Customers and Suppliers -- Shipping Lines -- Oil -- The Kirkuk Oilfield -- Naft Khaneh Oilfield -- Oil in the Persian Gulf -- Rafidain Oil Company -- Oil Royalties and Finance -- XII. Ports and Inland Towns -- Baghdad -- Basra -- Port of Basra -- Fao -- Tanuma -- Umm Qasr -- Mosul -- Altun Kopru -- Amadia -- Amara -- Ana -- Aqra -- Baquba -- Diwaniya -- Erbil -- Falluja -- Halabja -- Hilla -- Hit -- Kadhimain -- Karbala -- Khanaqin -- Kifri -- Kirkuk -- Kut al Imara -- Mandali -- Najaf -- Nasiriya -- Ramadi -- Ruwandiz -- Samarra -- Sulaimaniya -- Tel Afar -- Tikrit -- Zakho -- Zubair -- XIII. Communications -- Waterways -- History -- Types of Inland Water Craft -- Shatt al Arab Navigation -- Tigris Navigation -- Euphrates Navigation -- Shatt al Gharraf Navigation -- Roads -- Maintenance -- Principal Roads Described -- Railways -- History -- Construction and Projects since 1940 -- Organization and Staff -- Mintenance -- Workshops -- Fuel -- Signalling -- Capacity, Speeds, and Working -- Locomotives -- Rolling-stock -- Hull Bridge -- Baghdad Rail Ferry -- Description of Railways -- Civil Aviation -- Posts and Signals -- Appendixes -- A. Stratigraphy -- B. Meteorological Tables -- C. Ten Historical Sites -- D. Chronological Table -- E. Weights and Measures -- F. Authorship, Authorities, and Maps -- Index.
Özet:
First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Local Note:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
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